The impact of decentralization on local governance in Ghana since the implementation of reforms in 1988 started by Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) for substantial realignment of functions between central government sector ministries and decentralized bodies was highlighted. A democratic government was imposed to overcome the inadequate impact of decentralization on local governance in its Comprehensive Decentralization Policy Framework, a three-phased implementation structure. The constitution of Ghana included the objectives of decentralization under the National Decentralization Action Plan (NDAP) quoting the promotion of popular participation, by enhancing the efficiency of the entire government's machinery. District Authorities (DA) play a vital role in ostentation of local governance and democracy to contribute to development efforts and dealing with growing demands resulting from poverty, unemployment and conflict.
The basic focus of decentralization policy implementation in Ghana depend on five dimensional reforms as legal and policy, political administrative, fiscal, human resource development, and institutional change. The ILGS is focused and committed to promoting and advancing local governance and decentralisation in Ghana. It is doing this through advocacy, training, capacity building and research.